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Tooth decay occurs when acids erode the hard surface (enamel) of the tooth. These acids are produced by an adhesive film called bacterial plaque. Plaque contains germs that feed on sugary substances. The process of digestion of these sugars gives rise to acids that attack the surface of the teeth.
Over time, the acids can cause cavities on the tooth surface, called caries. If left untreated, cavities can grow and can eventually destroy the tooth. If you think you may have a cavity, come to Clínica DentalMad. We will fill the cavity with a filling to stop the caries from growing.
Teeth are under constant acid attack. However, caries does not occur immediately. This is because other elements in your mouth act to strengthen your teeth and stop the decay process. One such element is saliva, which contains minerals that help to strengthen the tooth surface.
Fluoride, a naturally occurring mineral often added to water and also found in toothpaste, also helps to strengthen your teeth.