What is endodontics?
Endodontics is the treatment of root canals, i.e. any therapy that is performed on the dentin-pulp complex (i.e. the dental pulp and its dentine) of a tooth (currently the better accepted term is dental organ).
Endodontics is also the dental specialty recognised by the American Dental Association since 1963. Endodontic therapy can be said to range from direct or indirect pulp protection to complete removal of the dental pulp.
A root canal?
Endodontics is applied in fractured teeth, with deep caries or lesions in the pulp tissue (loose connective tissue) in which this characteristic symptomatology occurs. This lesion can be reversible (with endodontic pulp protection manoeuvres, the pulp inflammatory process can be reversed) or irreversible, when the only therapeutic option in endodontics is the total removal of the dental pulp and the three-dimensional obturation of the dental canal. Total biopulpectomies are also performed on teeth for prosthetic purposes (fixed prostheses).
When to perform a root canal?
Endodontics is performed when the tooth has been affected down to the pulp, with the aim of sealing the canal.
Different types of endodontics.
Uniradicular endodontics: When the endodontic treatment affects a tooth with a single root and a single pulp canal.
Biradicular endodontics: When the endodontic treatment affects a tooth with two roots and two pulp canals.
Poly-radicular endodontics: When the endodontic treatment affects a tooth with more than two roots and several pulp canals.